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IAS Previous Year Science & Tech Questions | Lecture 8| Diseases in News Part-2

Q.1) Widespread resistance of malarial parasite to drugs like chloroquine has prompted attempts to develop a malarial vaccine to combat malaria. Why is it difficult to develop an effective malaria vaccine ? [2010]

(a) Malaria is caused by several species of Plasmodium

(b) Man does not develop immunity to malaria during natural infection

(c) Vaccines can be developed only against bacteria

(d) Man is only an intermediate host and not the definitive host.

Q.2) ‘Mission Indradhanush’ launched by the Government of India pertains to

(a) immunization of children and pregnant women

(b) construction of smart cities across the country

(c) India’s own search for the Earth-like planets in outer space

(d) New Educational Policy

Q.3) Consider the following diseases : [2014 – I]

  1. Diphtheria
  2. Chickenpox
  3. Smallpox

Which of the above diseases has/have been eradicated in India?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

Q.4) Consider the following statements:
1. In tropical regions, Zika virus disease is transmitted by the same mosquito that transmits dengue.
2. Sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is possible.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2018]
(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the disease which causes the death of the largest number of people today is [1996]

(a) AIDS’

(b) Tuberculosis

(c) Malaria

(d) Ebola

Q.6) H1N1 virus is sometimes mentioned in the news with reference to which one of the following diseases? [2015]

(a) AIDS

(b) Bird flu

(c) Dengue

(d) Swine flu

Q.7) Athlete’s Foot is a disease caused by [2001]

(a) Bacteria

(b) Fungus

(c) Protozoan

(d) Nematode

Q.8) Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below: [1997]

List- I                          List-II

  1. Malaria               1. Bone marrow
  2. Filaria                  2. Brain
  3. Encephalitis    3. Muscle
  4. Leukaemia       4. Lymph node

5. Blood cells

Codes:

(a) A – 5; B – 3; C – 2; D – 1

(b) A – 5; B – 4; C – 2; D – 1

(c) A – 4; B – 3; C – 5; D – 1

(d) A – 5; B – 4; C – 1; D – 2

Q.9) Match List-I with List-II and select the answer using the codes given below: [1998]

List-I                              List-II

(Disease)                    (Organism)

  1. Malaria                  1. Fungi
  2. Poliomyelitis      2. Bacteria
  3. Tuberculosis       3. Virus
  4. Ringworm            4. Protozoan

Codes:

(a)A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1

(b)A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2

(c)A-3; B-4; C-1; D-2

(d)A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1

Q.10) Match List-I with List-II and select the answer using the codes Match List-I (Disease) with List-II (Types of disease) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [2000]

List-I                                    List-II

  1. Haemophilia             1. Deficiency disease
  2. Diabetes                     2. Genetic disease
  3. Rickets                         3. Hormonal disorder
  4. Ringworm                  4. Fungal infection

(a) A – 2; B – 3; C – 4; D – 1

(b) A – 2; B – 3; C – 1; D – 4

(c) A – 3; B – 2; C – 1; D – 4

(d) A – 3; B – 2; C – 4; D – 1

Q.11) Which one of the following sets is correctly matched?[1995]

(1) Diphtheria, Pneumonia and Leprosy: Hereditary

(2) AIDS, Syphilis and Gonorrhoea: Bacterial

(3) Colour blindness, Haemophilia and Sickle cell anaemia: Sex linked

(4) Polio, Japanese B encephalitis and Plague: Viral

Select the correct code:

(a)only 2

(b)only 3

(c)1 and 4 only

(d)None of these

Q.12) It begins as a single cell and grows into a merciless disease that claims millions of lives year after year. But scientists are steadily unlocking its mysteries and the fight against it, may now have reached a dramatic turning point. New discoveries promise better therapies and hope in the war against….”. The disease referred to in the above quotation is [1995]

(a)Cancer

(b)AIDS

(c)Tuberculosis

(d)Alzheimer’s disease

To do yourself

Q.13) The nutritional deficiency condition that needs to be given top priority for remedial action in India today is [1996]

(a)Scurvy

(b)Rickets

(c)Xerophthalmia

(d)Pellagra

To do yourself

Q. Below we have given a list of diseases commonly found in plants/crops. Read about these diseases and find out the organism causing this disease and the crop/plant affected

  1. Late Blight              7. Tikka
  2. Blast                           8. Mosaic
  3. Bunchy Top            9. Red Leaf
  4. Leaf Curl               10. Black Arm
  5. Canker                    11. Red Rot
  6. Smut                         12. Wilt

To do yourself

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