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Daily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaIAS Previous Year QuestionsScience and technology Previous Year QuestionSthaapana - May 2019Sthaapana - May 2019 - Week 1

IAS Previous Year Science & Tech Questions | Lecture 5| Nuclear Energy & Sub Atomic Particles_Part-1

Q.1) The difference between a nuclear reactor and an atomic bomb is that 

(a) no chain reaction takes place in nuclear reactor while in the atomic bomb there is a chain reaction

(b) the chain reaction in nuclear reactor is controlled

(c) the chain reaction in nuclear reactor is not controlled

(d) no-chain reaction takes place in atomic bomb while it takes place in nuclear reactor

Q.2) Consider the following statements: In a nuclear reactor, self-sustained chain reaction is possible, because: 

  1. more neutrons are released in each of the fission reactions.
  2. the neutrons immediately take part in the fission process.
  3. the fast neutrons are slowed down by graphite.
  4. every neutron released in the fission reaction initiates further fission.

Which of these statements are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

Q.3) The function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to:

(a) slow down the speed of neutrons

(b) increase the speed of neutrons

(c) cool down the reactor

(d) stop the nuclear reaction

Q.4) To meet its rapidly growing energy demand, some opine that India should pursue research and development on thorium as the future fuel of nuclear energy. In this context, what advantage does thorium hold over uranium? 

  1. Thorium is far more abundant in nature than uranium.
  2. On the basis of per unit mass of mined mineral, thorium can generate more energy compared to natural uranium.
  3. Thorium produces less harmful waste compared to uranium.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.5) The figure shows a portion of Southern India. The proposed site (Koodankulam) for construction of two l000 MW nuclear power plants has been labelled in the map as :(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

Answer: b

Q.6) Consider the following countries 

  1. China
  2. France
  3. India
  4. Israel
  5. Pakistan

Which among the above are Nuclear Weapons States as recognized by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only

(c) 2, 4 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q.7) Consider the following statements:

  1. The Nuclear Suppliers Group has 24 countries as its members.
  2. India is a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.8) In which one of the following locations is the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project to be built? 

(a)Northern Spain

(b) Southern France

(c) Eastern Germany

(d) Southern Italy

Q.9) India is an important member of the ‘International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor’. If this experiment succeeds, what is the immediate advantage for India? 

(a) It can use thorium in place of uranium for power generation

(b) It can attain a global role in satellite navigation

(c) It can drastically improve the efficiency of its fission reactors in power generation

(d) It can build fusion reactors for power generation

Q.10) Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India: 

  1. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW
  2. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation
  3. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation
  4. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 1 and 4

To do yourself

Q.11) Which one of the following elements is essential for the construction of nuclear reactors? 

(a)Cobalt

(b)Nickel

(c) Zirconium

(d) Tungsten

To do yourself

Q.12) Recently, the European Union and other six countries including India signed the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project. Which one of the

following was not a signatory to it? 

(a)Canada

(b)China

(c) Japan

(d) USA

To do yourself

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