Art & Culture Previous Year QuestionsDaily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaIAS Previous Year QuestionsStaapana - April 2019Sthaapana – April 2019 – Week 4

IAS Previous Year Art & Culture Questions | Lecture 07 | Buddhism

Q.1) Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism? 

(a)The extinction of the flame of desire

(b)The complete annihilation of self

(c)A state of bliss and rest

(d)A mental stage beyond all comprehension

Q.2) The concept of Eight-fold path forms the theme of   

(a)Dipavamsa

(b)Divyavadana

(c)Mahaparinibban Sutta

(d)Dharma Chakra Pravartana Sutta

Q.3) Who among the following presided over the Buddhist council held during the reign of Kanishka at Kashmir?  

(a)Parsva

(b)Nagarjuna

(c)Sudraka

(d)Vasumitra

Q.4) With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements: 

1.The concept of Bodhisatva is central to Hinayana sect of Buddhism

2.Bodhisatva is a compassionate one on his way to enlightenment

  1. Bodhisattva delays achieving his own salvation to help all sentient beings on their path to it

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c)2 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

Q.5) In the Mahayana Buddhism, the Bodhisatva Avalokitesvar was also known as  

(a)Vajrapani

(b)Manjusri

(c)Padmapani

(d)Maitreya

Q.6) Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes 

(a)Buddha’s calling of the earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing  his meditation

(b) Buddha’s calling of the earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara

(c)Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the earth, and thus this life is transitory

(d)Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in this context

Q.7) Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha? 

1.Avanti

2.Gandhara

3.Kosala

4.Magadha

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a)1, 2 and 3

(b)2 and 3 only

(c)1, 3 and 4

(d)3 and 4 only

Q.8) In which state is the Buddhist site Tabo Monastery located?   

(a)Arunachal Pradesh

(b)Himachal Pradesh

(c)Sikkim

(d)Uttarakhand

Q.9) With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India, consider the following pairs: 

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.10) Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas, what is the difference between the two?  

(a)Vihara is a place of worship , while chaitya is the dwelling place of the monks

(b)Chaitya is a place of worship, while Vihara is the dwelling place of the monks

(c)Chaitya is the stupa at the far end of the cave, while Vihara is the hall axial to it

(d)There is no material difference between the two

Q.11) In ancient Indian Buddhist monasteries, a ceremony called the Pavarana used to be held. It was the  

(a)Ocassion to elect the Sanghaparinayaka and two speakers one on Dhamma and the other on Vinaya

(b)Confession by monks of their offences committed during their stay in the monasteries during the rainy season

(c)Ceremony of initiation of new person into the Buddhist Sangha in which the head is shaved when yellow robes are offered

(d)Gathering of Buddhist monks on the next day to the full-moon day of Ashadha when they take up a fixed abode for the next four months of rainy season

Q.12) What does Baudhayan theorem (Baudhayan Sulva Sutra) relate to?  

(a)Lengths of sides of a right-angled triangle

(b)Calculation of the value of pi

(c)Logarithmic calculations

(d)Normal distribution curve

 

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