Daily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaEnvironment Previous Year QuestionsIAS Previous Year QuestionsStaapana - March 2019Sthaapana - March 2019 - Week 5

IAS Previous Year Environment Questions – Lecture – 12 – STHAAPNA Series

Q.1) Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone depleting substances? [2015-I]

(a) Bretton Woods Conference

(b) Montreal Protocol

(c) Kyoto Protocol

(d) Nagoya Protocol

 

Q.2) What is ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol’? [2016]

(a)It is an international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify and manage greenhouse gas emissions

(b)It is an initiative of the United Nations to offer financial incentives to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adopt eco-friendly technologies

(c)It is an inter-governmental agreement ratified by all the member countries of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to specified levels by the year 2022

(d)It is one of the multilateral REDD+ initiatives hosted by the World Bank

 

Q.3) Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Proper design and effective implementation of UNREDD+ Programme can significantly contribute to

  1. protection of biodiversity
  2. resilience of forest ecosystems
  3. poverty reduction

Select the correct answer using the code given below. [2016]

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.4) “Momentum for Change : Climate Neutral Now” is an initiative launched by [2018] (Do it yourself)

(a)The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

(b)The UNEP Secretariat

(c)The UNFCCC Secretariat

(d)The World Meteorological Organisation

 

Q.5) Consider the following statements in respect of Trade Related Analysis of Fauna and Flora in Commerce (TRAFFIC):

  1. TRAFFIC is a bureau under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. The mission of TRAFFIC is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

Which of the above statements is/are correct? [2017]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.6) With reference to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which of the following statements is/are correct? [2015-I]

  1. IUCN is an organ of the United Nations and CITES is an international agreement between governments.
  2. IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environments.
  3. 3. CITES is legally binding on the States that have joined it, but this Convention does not take the place of national laws.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.7) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Earth Hour’ : [2014 – I] (Do it yourself) 

  1. It is an initiative of UNEP and UNESCO.
  2. It is a movement in which the participants switch off the lights for one hour on a certain day every year.
  3. It is a movement to raise the awareness about the climate change and the need to save the planet.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.8) With reference to an organization known as ‘Birdlife International‘, which of the following statements is/

are correct? [2015-I]

  1. It is a Global Partnership of Conservation Organizations.
  2. The concept of ‘biodiversity hotspots’ originated from this organization.
  3. It identifies the sites known/referred to as ‘Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas’.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.9) Bio Carbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the [2015-I]

(a) Asian Development Bank

(b) International Monetary Fund

(c) United Nations Environment Programme

(d) World Bank

 

Q.10) With reference to ‘Global Environment Facility‘’, which of the following statements is/are correct? [2014]

(a)It serves as financial mechanism for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ and ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’

(b)It undertakes scientific research on environmental issues at global level

(c)It is an agency under OECD to facilitate the transfer of technology and funds to underdeveloped countries with specific aim to protect their environment

(d)Both (a) and (b)

 

Q.11) Which of the following statements regarding ‘Green Climate Fund’ is/are correct? [2015-I]

  1. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  2. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.12) Consider the following statements:

  1. Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) to reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants is a unique initiative of G20 group of countries.
  2. The CCAC focuses on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2017]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.13) Consider the following statements: (Do it yourself) 

  1. The Sustainable Development Goals were first proposed in 1972 by a global think tank called the ‘Club of Rome’.
  2. The Sustainable Development Goals have to be achieved by 2030.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2016]

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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