Daily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaEnvironment Previous Year QuestionsIAS Previous Year QuestionsStaapana - March 2019Sthaapana - March 2019 - Week 5

IAS Previous Year Environment Questions – Lecture – 11 – STHAAPNA Series

Q.1) What is Rio+20 Conference, often mentioned in the news? [2015-I]

(a) It is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

(b) It is a Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization

(c) It is a Conference of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change

(d) It is a Conference of the Member Countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity

 

Q.2) With reference to ‘Agenda 21’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements : [2016]

  1. It is a global action plan for sustainable development
  2. It originated in the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in 2002.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.3) The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), a UN mechanism to assist countries transition towards greener and more inclusive economies, emerged at [2018]

(a)The Earth Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, Johannesburg

(b)The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012, Rio de Janeiro

(c)The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2015, Paris

(d)The World Sustainable Development Summit 2016, New Delhi

 

Q.4) What is/are the importance/importance of the ‘United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’?

  1. It aims to promote effective action through innovative national programs and supportive inter-national partnerships.
  2. It has a special/particular focus on South Asia and North Africa regions, and its Secretariat facilitates the allocation of major portion of financial resources to these regions.
  3. It is committed to bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating the desertification.

Select the correct answer using the code given below. [2016]

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.5) Consider the following statements: [2005]

  1. Kyoto protocol came into force in the year 2005.
  2. Kyoto protocol deals primarily with the depletion of the ozone layer.
  3. Methane as a green house gas is more harmful than carbon dioxide.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 and 2

(b)1 and 3

(c)1 only

(d)3 only

 

Q.6) Regarding “carbon credits’’, which one of the following statements is not correct ? [2011]

(a)The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol.

(b)Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota.

(c)The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission.

(d)Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment  Programme.

 

Q.7) With reference to the Agreement at the UNFCCC Meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Agreement was signed by all the member countries of the UN and it will go into effect in 2017.
  2. The Agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of this century does not exceed 2 °C or even 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels.
  3. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibility in global warming and committed to donate $ 1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climate change.

Select the correct answer using the code given below. [2016]

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.8) The term ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of [2016]

(a) pledges made by the European countries to rehabilitate refugees from the war-affected Middle East

(b) plan of action outlined by the countries of the world to combat climate change

(c) capital contributed by the member countries in the establishment of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

(d) plan of action outlined by the countries of the world regarding Sustainable Development Goals

 

Q.9) Consider the following pairs :

Terms sometimes seen in the news              Their origin

  1. Annex I Countries Cartagena Protocol
  2. Certified Emissions Reductions Nagoya Protocol
  3. Clean Development Mechanism Kyoto Protocol

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched? [2016]

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.10) Consider the following international agreements : [2014 – I]

  1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  3. The World Heritage Convention

Which of the above has/have a bearing on the biodiversity?

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.11) Consider the following statements:

  1. The International Solar Alliance was launched at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2015.
  2. The Alliance includes all the member countries of the United Nations.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.12) Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone depleting substances? [2015-I]

(a) Bretton Woods Conference

(b) Montreal Protocol

(c) Kyoto Protocol

(d) Nagoya Protocol

 

Q.13) What is ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol’? [2016]

(a)It is an international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify and manage greenhouse gas emissions

(b)It is an initiative of the United Nations to offer financial incentives to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adopt eco-friendly technologies

(c)It is an inter-governmental agreement ratified by all the member countries of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to specified levels by the year 2022

(d)It is one of the multilateral REDD+ initiatives hosted by the World Bank

 

Q.14) Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Proper design and effective implementation of UNREDD+ Programme can significantly contribute to

  1. protection of biodiversity
  2. resilience of forest ecosystems
  3. poverty reduction

Select the correct answer using the code given below. [2016]

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.15) “Momentum for Change : Climate Neutral Now” is an initiative launched by [2018] (Do it yourself)

(a)The Intergovernmentai Panel on Climate Change

(b)The UNEP Secretariat

(c)The UNFCCC Secretariat

(d)The World Meteorological Organisation

 

Q.16) Consider the following statements in respect of Trade Related Analysis of Fauna and Flora in Commerce (TRAFFIC):

  1. TRAFFIC is a bureau under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. The mission of TRAFFIC is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

Which of the above statements is/are correct? [2017]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.17) With reference to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which of the following statements is/are correct? [2015-I]

  1. IUCN is an organ of the United Nations and CITES is an international agreement between governments.
  2. IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environments.
  3. CITES is legally binding on the States that have joined it, but this Convention does not take the place of national laws.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.18) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Earth Hour’ : [2014 – I] (Do it yourself)

  1. It is an initiative of UNEP and UNESCO.
  2. It is a movement in which the participants switch off the lights for one hour on a certain day every year.
  3. It is a movement to raise the awareness about the climate change and the need to save the planet.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.19) With reference to an organization known as ‘Birdlife International‘, which of the following statements is/

are correct? [2015-I]

  1. It is a Global Partnership of Conservation Organizations.
  2. The concept of ‘biodiversity hotspots’ originated from this organization.
  3. It identifies the sites known/referred to as ‘Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas’.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.20) Bio Carbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes‘ is managed by the [2015-I]

(a) Asian Development Bank

(b) International Monetary Fund

(c) United Nations Environment Programme

(d) World Bank

 

Q.21) With reference to ‘Global Environment Facility‘’, which of the following statements is/are correct? [2014]

(a)It serves as financial mechanism for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ and ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’

(b)It undertakes scientific research on environmental issues at global level

(c)It is an agency under OECD to facilitate the transfer of technology and funds to underdeveloped countries with specific aim to protect their environment

(d)Both (a) and (b)

 

Q.22) Which of the following statements regarding ‘Green Climate Fund’ is/are correct? [2015-I]

  1. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  2. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.23) Consider the following statements:

  1. Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) to reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants is a unique initiative of G20 group of countries.
  2. The CCAC focuses on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2017]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.24) Consider the following statements:(Do it yourself)

  1. The Sustainable Development Goals were first proposed in 1972 by a global think tank called the ‘Club of Rome’.
  2. The Sustainable Development Goals have to be achieved by 2030.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2016]

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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