Daily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaEnvironment Previous Year QuestionsIAS Previous Year QuestionsStaapana - March 2019Sthaapana - March 2019 - Week 5

IAS Previous Year Environment Questions – Lecture – 10 – STHAAPNA Series

Q.1) The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India? [2012 – I]

1.Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article 21

2.Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275(1)

3.Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243 (A)

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.2) How is the National Green Tribunal (NGT) different from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). [2018]

1.The NGT has been established by an Act whereas the CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government.

2.The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promotes cleanliness of streams and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are  correct:

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.3) The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee, whose permission is required for cultivation of any genetically modified crop such as Bt Cotton in India, is under the Union Ministry of : [2003]

(a) Agriculture

(b) Environment and Forests

(c) Commerce and Industry

(d) Rural-Development

 

Q.4) How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture? [2012 – I]

1.NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.

2.NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.

3.Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources cannot be made without the  approval of NBA.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?

(a)1only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.5) Which one of the following legislations does not deal with the protection of environment? [1999]

(a) The Water (Cess) Act, 1977

(b) The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

(c) The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

(d) The Port Laws Amendment Act, 1997

 

Q.6) Consider the following statements : [2014 – I]

  1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
  3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.7) Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)’? (Do it yourself) 

  1. River basin is the unit of planning and management.
  2. It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.
  3. One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on rotation basis.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.8) With reference to ‘Eco-Sensitive Zones’, which of the following statements is/are correct? [2014 – I]

  1. Eco-Sensitive Zones are the areas that are declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  2. The purpose of the declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities in those zones except agriculture.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.9) With reference to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), consider the following statements : [2014 – I]

  1. It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  2. It strives to conserve nature through action-based research, education and public awareness.
  3. It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

 

Q.10) Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to (Do it yourself) 

(a) constitutional reforms

(b) Ganga Action Plan

(c) linking of rivers

(d) protection of Western Ghats

 

Q.11) With reference to India, consider the following Central Acts :

  1. Import and Export (Control) Act, 1947
  2. Mining and Mineral Development (Regulation) Act, 1957
  3. Customs Act, 1962
  4. Indian Forest Act, 1927

Which of the above Acts have relevance to/bearing on the biodiversity conservation in the country ? [2011]

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2,3 and 4 only

(c) 1,2,3 and 4

(d) None of the above Acts

 

Q.12) On which of the following can you find the Bureau of Energy Efficiency Star Label?

  1. Ceiling fans
  2. Electric geysers
  3. Tubular fluorescent lamps

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.13) With reference to the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA), which of the following statements is/are correct? [2015-I]

1.It is a Public Limited Government Company

2.It is a Non – Banking Financial Company.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 or 2

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