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IAS Previous Year Environment Questions – Lecture – 6 – STHAAPNA Series

Sthapna - Static MCQs for GS - Environment - Day 6

Hey, aspiring Officer!

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Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora ? [2011]

(a)Biosphere Reserve

(b)Botanical Garden

(c) National Park

(d) Wildlife Sanctuary


India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and has declared many areas as Ramsar sites. Which of the following statements best describes as to how we should maintain these sites in the context of this convention? [2010]

(a) Keep all the sites completely inaccessible to man so that they will not be exploited.

(b) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and permit tourism and recreation only.

(c) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach for a period without any exploitation, with specific criteria and specific period for each site, and then allow sustainable use of them by future generations.

(d) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simultaneous sustainable use.


If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? [2014]

(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland

as a result of human interference

(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometres from the edge of the wetland

(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed.

(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site’


Out of all the biosphere reserves in India, few have been recognized on the World Network by UNESCO. Which one of the following is not one of them? [2008]

(a)Gulf of Mannar


(c) Nanda Devi

(d) Seshachalam


Which one of the following is not a Biosphere reserve? [2005] [1995]


(b)Anna Mallai

(c) Nilgiri

(d) Panchmarhi


In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect and use the biomass? [2012]

(a) Biosphere Reserves

(b) National Parks

(c) Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention

(d) Wildlife Sanctuaries


The most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of [2014]

(a)biosphere reserves

(b)botanical gardens

(c) national parks

(d) wildlife sanctuaries


Consider the following statements : [2010]

  1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation.
  2. A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna.
  3. In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted.

Which of the statements given above is / correct ?

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c)1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity? [2015]

(a) Bhitarkanika National Park

(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park

(c) Keoladeo Ghana National Park

(d) Sultanpur National Park


Consider the following pairs:

Protected area                                               Well-known for

  1. Bhiterkanika, Odisha                       Salt Water Crocodile
  2. Desert National Park,                      Rajasthan Great Indian Bustard
  3. Eravikulam,                                             Kerala Hoolak Gibbon

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched? [2010]

(a)1 only

(b)1 and 2 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Two important rivers–one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha–merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area. Which one of the following could be this ? [2011 – I]



(c) Gopalpur-on-sea

(d) Simlipal


The first marine sanctuary in India, within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in: [1999]

(a) Sundarbans ‘

(b) Chilka Lake

(c) Gulf of Kutch

(d) Lakshadweep


From the ecological point of view, which one of the following assumes importance in being a good link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats?
(a) Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
(b) Nallamala Forest
(c) Nagarhole National Park
(d) Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve


Consider the following protected areas: [2012]



  1. Manas
  2. Sunderbans

Which of the above are declared Tiger Reserves?

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) l, 2, 3 and 4


Consider the following pairs : [2014]

  1. Dampa Tiger Reserve : Mizoram
  2. Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary : Sikkim
  3. Saramati Peak : Nagaland

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a)1 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3



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