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IAS Previous Year Environment Questions – Lecture – 5 – STHAAPNA Series

Sthapna - Static MCQs for GS - Subject - Environment - Day 5

Hey, aspiring Officer!

The most probable questions are waiting for your response. Attempt the quiz and get the best questions and their explanation.

There are 5 questions.
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2 marks are awarded for each right answer.
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Q1. The “Red Data Books’’ published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of ? [2011]

  1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.
  2. Threatened plant and animal species.
  3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a)1 and 3

(b)2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 3 only


Q2. In India, if a species of tortoise is declared protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, what does it imply ? [2017] (a) It enjoys the same level of protection as the tiger.
(b) It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction.
(c) It is endemic to a particular region of India.
(d) Both (b) and (c) stated above are correct in this context


Q3. Consider the following statements (2018)

1.Most of the world’s coral reefs are in tropical waters.

2.More than one-third of the world’s coral reefs are located in the territories of Australia, Indonesia and Philippines.

3.Coral reefs host far more number of animal phyla than those hosted by tropical rainforests.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

a.1 and 2 only

b.3 only

c.1 and 3 only

d.1, 2 and 3


Q4. Which of the following have coral reefs? [2014]

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Gulf of Kachchh
  3. Gulf of Mannar
  4. Sunderbans

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1, 2 and 3 only

(b)2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Q5. With reference to ‘dugong’, a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/an; correct?[2015]

  1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
  2. It is found along the entire coast of India.
  3. It is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 and 2

(b)2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 3 only


Q6. The marine animal called Dugong which is vulnerable to extinction is [2009]


(b)Bony fish

(c) Shark

(d) Mammal


Q7. Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India? [2015]

(a)Saltwater crocodile

(b)Olive ridley turtle

(c) Gangetic dolphin

(d) Gharial


Q8. Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphins? [2014]

  1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
  2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers
  3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally
  4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of rivers

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Q9. Consider the following fauna of India: [2013]

  1. Gharial
  2. Leatherback turtle
  3. Swamp deer

Which of the above is/are endangered?

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None


Q10. A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal ? [2011]

(a)Indian wild buffalo

(b)Indian wild ass

(c) Indian wild boar

(d) Indian gazelle


Q11. In which of the following regions of India are you most likely to come across the `Great Indian Hornbill’ in its natural habitat? [2017]
(a) Sand deserts of northwest India
(b) Higher Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Salt marshes of western Gujarat
(d) Western Ghats


Q12. Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species? [2012]

(a) Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass

(b) Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull and Great Indian Bustard

(c) Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey and Saras (Crane)

(d) Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur and Cheetal


Q13. What is/are unique about ‘Kharai camel’, a breed found in India? [2017] 1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometres in seawater.
2. It survives by grazing on mangroves.
3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3


Q14. Consider the following: [2012] 1. Black necked crane
2. Cheetah
3. Flying squirrel
4. Snow leopard
Which of the above are naturally found in India?
a) 1, 2 and 3 only
b) 1, 3 and 4 only
c) 2 and 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4



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