Daily GS Foundation MCQs - SthaapnaIAS Previous Year QuestionsIndian Polity Previous Year QuestionsStaapana - March 2019Sthaapana - March 2019 - Week 4

IAS Previous Year Indian Polity Questions – Lecture – 26 – STHAAPNA Series

Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in (2017)

(a) Federalism

(b) Democratic decentralisation

(c) Administrative delegation

(d) Direct democracy

 

With reference to the ‘Gram Nyayalaya Act’, which of the following statements is/are correct? (2016)

  1. As per the Act, Gram Nyayalayas can hear only civil cases and not criminal cases.
  2. The Act allows local social activists as mediators / reconciliators.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Consider the following statements: (2016)

1.The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years.

2.A Panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

If a Panchayat is dissolved, elections are to be held within: (2009)

(a) 1 month

(b) 3 months

(c) 6 months

(d) 1 year

 

The fundamental object of Panchayati Raj system is to ensure which among the following? (2016)

  1. People’s participation in development
  2. Political accountability
  3. Democratic decentralization
  4. Financial mobilization

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

The Government enacted, the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in 1996. Which one of the following is not identified as its objective? (2013)

(a) To provided self-governance

(b) To recognize traditional rights

(c) To create autonomous regions in tribal areas

(d) To free tribal people from exploitation

 

The Constitution (Seventy-Third Amendment) Act. 1992, which aims at promoting the Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country, provides for which of the following? (2011)

  1. Constitution of District Planning Committees.
  2. State Election Commissions to conduct all panchayat elections.
  3. Establishment of state Finance Commissions.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Which one of the following is incorrect in respect of Local Government in India? (1995)

a)According to the Indian Constitution, local government is not an independent tier in the federal system

b)30% of the seats in local bodies are reserved for women.

c)Local government finances are to be provided by a Commission.

d)Elections to local bodies are to be determined by a Commission.

 

What is the system of governance in the Panchayati Raj set-up? (1996)

a)Single tier structure of local self government at the village level

b)Two tier system of local self government at the village, and block levels

c)Three tier structure of local self government at the village, block and district levels

d)Four tier system of local self government at the village, block, district and state levels

 

Which one of the following was not proposed by the 73rd Constitutional amendment in the area of Panchayati Raj? (1997)

a)Thirty three per cent seats in all elected rural local bodies will be reserved for women candidates at all levels

b)The States will constitute their finance Commission to allocate resources to Panchayati Raj institutions

c)The Panchayati Raj elected functionaries will be disqualified to hold their offices if they have more than two children

d)The elections will be held in six months time, if Panchayati Raj bodies are superseded or dissolved by the State Government

 

The 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 refers to the (2000)

a)Generation of gainful employment for the unemployed and the under employed men and women in rural area

b)Generation of employment for the able bodied adults who are in need and desirous of work during the lean agricultural reason

c)Laying the foundation for strong and vibrant Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country

d)Guarantee of right to life, liberty and security of person equality before law and equal protection without discrimination

 

In the new Panchayati Raj Bill enacted in 1993, there are several fresh provisions deviating from the past.

Which one of the following is not one such provisions? (1999)

a)A number of added responsibilities in the area of agriculture, rural development, primary education and social forestry among others

b)Elections being made mandatory for all posts at the time they are due

c)A statutory representation for women in the panchayats, upto a third of the strength

d)Regular remuneration to the panchayat members, so as to ensure their punctuality and accountability

 

A college student desires to get elected to the Municipal Council of his city. The validity of his nomination would depend on the important condition, among others, that (2000)

a)He obtains permission from the principal of his college

b)He is a member of a political party

c)His name figures in the voters’ list

d)He files a declaration owing allegiance to the Constitution of India

 

In the areas covered under the Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996, what is the role/power of Gram Sabha? (2012)

1.Gram Sabha has the power to prevent alienation of land in the Scheduled Areas.

2.Gram Sabha has the ownership of minor forest produce.

3.Recommendation of Gram Sabha is required for granting prospecting licence or mining lease for any mineral in the Scheduled Areas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)1 and 2 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

 

In India, the first Municipal Corporation was set-up in which one among the following? (2009)

a)Kolkata

b)Chennai

c)Mumbai

d)Delhi

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