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Daily Answer Writing for IAS Mains Examination – USING THE DIRECTIVE – “EXAMINE” – Day 67

Q.Discuss the role of women in freedom struggle of India. [Answer in 150 Words]


  • …. there are multiple aspects of an xyz issue …
  • … these aspects can be discussed in terms of abc factors …..
  • … factors behind some xyz issue can be discussed in the light of an abc report..
  • On one hand……. while on the other hand.. [When contrasting perspectives are to be discussed]

The actual choice of words will depend upon the type of question being asked and the approach that the aspirant choses to follow.


 Appreciate The Role Of Women
  • The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be incomplete without mentioning the contributions of women.
  • The sacrifice made by the women of India occupies an important place in India’s journey towards independence.
  • The role of women in freedom struggle of India consists of two perspectives, wherein on one hand they played an active role standing shoulder to shoulder with men.
  • While on the other hand it is believed that the dogmas (present in the 19th and 20th century India) posed some barrier which restricted their participation.
  • These perspectives can be discussed in the light of the following facts.


Women Playing a crucial role
  • Be it the extremist phase (Annie Besant); revolutionary phase (Shanti Ghosh shot dead a reactionary British Magistrate; Kalpana Dutt played an important role in armoury raid); women had been playing an important role in freedom struggle.
  • There are innumerable examples of women that depict that their contributions in the freedom struggle of India were nothing short of men.
  • For example – Indira Gandhi (Vaanar Sena; Monkey Brigade); Sarojini Naidu (led the raids during Civil Disobedience Movement), Rani Gaidinliu (led rebellion during Civil Disobedience Movement in Manipur and Nagaland); Captain Lakshmi Sehgal and the all women’s battalion in INA etc. depict the courage shown by women that added more strength to India’s freedom struggle.

Dogmas – Restricting The Participation Of Women

  • However, in spite of these significant contributions, it is believed that participation of women was not uniform across all the sections of the society. The conservative mindset, patriarchal norms, blind beliefs etc. acted as barriers in realizing the true potential of women during freedom struggle.
  • For example, lesser education of most of the sections of the society restricted the role of women to merely the management of domestic sphere. They were not allowed to take part in ‘morchas’; ‘dharnas’ and ‘hartals’.
  • Secondly, the fact that merely 2 Congress Sessions ( 1917 and 1925) were presided by women depicts that most of the leadership in the freedom struggle was dominated by men and women had a limited and a secondary role to play.
  • As a result, their contributions could have been far more had these barriers not been there in society.


  • In the light of the aspects discussed, it can be concluded that in spite of the social-limitations, the role played by women had been commendable and an important part of the freedom struggle of India.
  • Our struggle for independence would have been incomplete without the participation (even if limited) of the women.

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