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IAS Previous Year GEOGRAPHY Questions – Lecture – 8 – STHAAPNA Series

Sthapna - Static MCQs for GS - GEOGPRAPHY - Day8

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Q.1) On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion [2013 – I]

(a) is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds

(b) is found in freshwater lakes and rivers

(c) exists as groundwater

(d) exists as soil moisture


Q.2) Consider the following factors: [2012 – I]

  1. Rotation of the Earth
  2. Air pressure and wind
  3. Density of ocean water
  4. Revolution of the Earth

Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4


Q.3) In the given map, which one of the following pairs of ocean currents are shown? [1999]


(a) Benguela and Falkland

(b) Canary and Humboldt

(c) Agulhas and Guinea

(d) Benguela and Guinea


Q.4) Consider the following statements:

  1. Ocean currents are slow-surface movement of water in the ocean.
  2. Ocean currents assist in maintaining the Earth’s heat balance
  3. Ocean currents are set in motion primarily by prevailing winds
  4. Ocean currents are affected by the configuration of the ocean

Which of these statements are correct? [2002]

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Q.5) What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt? [2011 – I]

  1. It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.
  2. It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context ?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.6) The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where [2013 – I](Do it Yourself) 

(a) warm and cold atmospheric currents meet

(b) rivers drain out large amounts of freshwater into the sea

(c) warm and cold oceanic currents meet

(d) continental shelf is undulating


Q.7) What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current? [2015 – I]

(a) The Earth’s rotation on its axis

(b) Convergence of the two equatorial currents

(c) Difference in salinity of water

(d) Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator


Q.8) Which one of the following factors is responsible for the change in the regular direction of the ocean currents in the Indian Ocean? [1997]

(a) Indian Ocean is half an ocean

(b) Indian Ocean has monsoon drift

(c) Indian Ocean is a land-locked ocean

(d) Indian Ocean has greater variation in salinity


Q.9) With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)’ sometimes mentioned in the news while forecasting Indian monsoon, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. IOD phenomenon is characterized by a difference in sea surface temperature between tropical Western Indian Ocean and tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean.
  2. An IOD phenomenon can influence an El Nino’s impact on the monsoon.

Select the correct answer using the code given below: [2017]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.10) La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino ?

  1. La Nina is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas

El Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

  1. El Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [2011 – I]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.11) In which one of the following oceans Diamantine Trench is situated? [2006]

(a) Pacific Ocean

(b) Atlantic Ocean

(c) Indian Ocean

(d) Arctic Ocean


Q.12) Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following? [2015 – I]

  1. Gravitational force of the Sun
  2. Gravitational force of the Moon
  3. Centrifugal force of the Earth

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.13) Assertion (A) : During the neap tides, the high tide is lower and the low tide is higher than usual.

Reason (R) : The neap tide, unlike the spring tide, occurs on the new moon instead of on the full moon.

Select the appropriate code: [2001]

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true


Q.14) Consider the following statements: [2000]

  1. Tides are of great help in navigation and fishing.
  2. High tide enables big ships to enter or leave the harbour safely
  3. Tide prevents siltation in the harbours
  4. Kandla and Diamond Harbour are tidal ports

Which of these statements are correct?

(a) 1 and 4

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Q.15) Which one of the following is not a lagoon? [2002] (Do it yourself)

(a) Ashtamudi lake

(b) Chilka lake

(c) Periyar lake

(d) Pulicat lake

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